MD , Hahnemann Medical College , 1971
MPH , University of California
The World Health Organization estimates that two-thirds of the nearly 7 million child deaths in developing countries each year are directly caused by infectious diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria and that undernutrition contributes to one third of child deaths. Robert E. Black, M.D., M.P.H. has focused his research and professional activities on reducing the number of these unnecessary deaths. He is conducting epidemiologic research on the interaction of infectious diseases and nutrition, clinical and community-based trials of new vaccines to prevent childhood infectious diseases, and trials of nutritional interventions to reduce infectious disease morbidity and mortality, as well as improve growth and development. He is also assisting with implementation of disease control and nutrition programs in developing countries and conducting evaluations of their effectiveness and mortality impact. His other interests are related to the use of evidence in policy and programs, estimation of the burden of disease, development of research capacity and strengthening of public health training.
Honors and Awards
1969 Hoffman-LaRoche Award
1971 Dean's Award-Hahnemann Medical College
1977 Alexander D. Langmuir Prize (Alumni Award of the Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta)
2001 E.V. McCollum International Lectureship in Nutrition (17th Lecture)
2002 Institute of Medicine of the U.S. National Academies
2005 E.H. Christophersen Award, American Academy of Pediatrics
2006 Paul G. Rogers Society for Global Health Research Ambassador (2006-Present)
2010 Programme for Global Paediatric Research Award for Outstanding Contributions to Global Child Health
2010 Prince Mahidol Award in Public Health
2011 UCLA Alumni Hall of Fame, The Lester Breslow Lifetime Achievement Award
2011 Canada Gairdner Award in Global Health
2011 Raulin Award from International Society for Trace Element Research in Humans
2012 Heritage Award, Johns Hopkins University
International health, diarrhea, evaluation, global health, infectious diseases, malaria, malnutrition, pneumonia, health policy, zinc
Santosham M, Chandran A, Fitzwater S, Fischer Walker C, Baqui AH, Black R. Progress and barriers for the control of diarrhoel disease. Lancet 376:63-7, July 2010.
Victora CG, Black RE, Boerma T, Bryce J. Measuring impact in the MDG era and beyond: A new approach to large-scale effectiveness evaluations. Lancet doi:10.1016/S0140-6736 (10) 60810-0. July 9, 2010.
Black RE, Cousens S, Johnson HL, Lawn JE, Rudan I, Bassani DG, Jha P, Campbell H, Fischer Walker C, Cibulskis R, Eisele T, Liu L, Mathers C. Global, regional and national causes of child mortalty, Lancet 375:1969-87, doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60549-1, 2010.
Roth DE, Richard S, Black RE. Zinc Supplementation for the prevention of acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) in chidren in developing countries: meta-analysis and meta-regression of randomized trials. Int J Epidemiol 39:795-808, doi:10.1093/ije/dyp39, 2010.
Bryce J, Gilroy K, Jones G, Hazel E, Black RE, Victora CG. The accelerated child survival and development programme in west Africa: a retrospective assessment. Lancet 375:572-582, 2010, DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)62060-2.