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Located in Eastern Africa, the Republic of Uganda received independence by colonial Britain in 1962. The ride range of ethnic groups, cultures, and political systems has influenced the terrible guerrilla wars and the abuse of human rights that existed until the 1990s when relative stability and economic growth resurfaced. However, the landlocked country experiences such issues as poaching, high mortality rates due to AIDs, and several other major infectious diseases like diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, malaria, and the African sleeping sickness.


tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast

  • English (official national language
  • taught in grade schools
  • used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts)
  • Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages
  • preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school)
  • other Niger-Congo languages
  • Nilo-Saharan languages
  • Swahili
  • Arabic
Infant Mortality Rate[1]
Per Capita Health Expenditure[2]

More Information


  1. CIA World Factbook
  2. WHO Global Health Atlas

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