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Global Health Research

Trinidad and Tobago



Located in the Caribbean as an island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago was first colonized by the Spanish and then transferred to British control in the 19th century. Indian contract laborers replaced the slaves when the sugar industry suffered due to the abolition in 1834; this boosted both the sugar production as well as the new cocoa industry. With the discovery of oil, petroleum, natural gas production and processing, asphalt, and tourism, Trinidad and Tobago is one of the most prosperous countries in the Caribbean occasionally suffering from hurricanes and tropical storms.


tropical; rainy season (June to December)

  • English (official)
  • Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi)
  • French
  • Spanish
  • Chinese
Infant Mortality Rate[1]
Per Capita Health Expenditure[2]

More Information


  1. CIA World Factbook
  2. WHO Global Health Atlas

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