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Located in Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia along the Black Sea, Aegean Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, the Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923 by the remnants of the Ottoman Empire introducing an authoritarian, wide-ranged social, legal, and political reforms. Peaceful transfers of power were succeeded by instability and military coups throughout much of the rest of the 20th century, The country finally joined the UN, NATO, and the European Community inorder to strengthen its democracy adn economy in an attempt to join the European Union. Turkey is subject to severe earthquakes, and deals with such concerns as water and air pollution, deforestation, and oil spills.


temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior

  • Turkish (official)
  • Kurdish
  • Dimli (or Zaza)
  • Azeri
  • Kabardian
Infant Mortality Rate[1]
Per Capita Health Expenditure[2]

More Information


  1. CIA World Factbook
  2. WHO Global Health Atlas

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