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Located in Southeastern Asia as an archipelago in the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, the Republic of Philippines became a Spanish colony in the 16th century and transferred to U.S. control in 1898 following the Spanish American War. The country declared independence as a self-governing commonwealth in 1935, but fell under Japanese rule after the world wars. The Philippines reattained independence and today faces threats from terroist groups due to tensions with Muslim areas. Made up of 7,107 islands, Panama suffers from typhoons, cyclonic storms, landslides, volcanoes, earthquakes, tsunamis, poor maintenance of water and land areas, and retains a very high degree of risk in acquiring major infectious diseases such as diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid and dengue fever, rabies, and malaria.


tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)

  • Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects - Tagalog
  • Cebuano
  • Ilocano
  • Hiligaynon or Ilonggo
  • Bicol
  • Waray
  • Pampango
  • and Pangasinan
Infant Mortality Rate[1]
Per Capita Health Expenditure[2]

More Information


  1. CIA World Factbook
  2. WHO Global Health Atlas

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