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Global Health Research

Haiti

Data

Background[1]

Located in the Caribbean between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, the Republic of Haiti was discovered by Columbus and Spanish settlers in 1492. In the 17th century, the French claimed part of the territory and with Spain imported African slaves to prosper the foresty and sugar industries that thrived there. By 1804, Haiti became the first black republic and the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere to declare its indendence. The struggle and political violence throughout Haiti's history has ceased, but the population still suffers today from the vast majority of cases related to AIDS and major infectious diseases.

Population[1]
8,706,497
Climate[1]

tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds

Languages[1]
  • French (official)
  • Creole (official)
Infant Mortality Rate[1]
63.83
Per Capita Health Expenditure[2]
29.00

More Information

Sources

  1. CIA World Factbook
  2. WHO Global Health Atlas

      
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