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Global Health Research

Guatemala

Data

Background[1]

Located in Central America along the North Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Honduras (aka the Caribbean Sea), the Republic of Guatemala was discovered by the Mayan civilization during the first millennium A.D. The Spaniards took over for three centuries thereafter until the country gained independence in 1821. Guatemala experienced both military and civilian governments during the 20th century and a 36 year guerrilla war that lasted until 1996 when a peace agreement was settled. Unfortunately, the war left 100,000 people dead and had created 1 million refugees. With few natural harbors, experiences with frequent volcanoes, earthquakes, and hurricanes, Guatemala also suffers from deforestation and water pollution.

Population[1]
12,728,111
Climate[1]

tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands

Languages[1]
  • Spanish 60%
  • Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages
  • including Quiche
  • Cakchiquel
  • Kekchi
  • Mam
  • Garifuna
  • and Xinca)
Infant Mortality Rate[1]
29.77
Per Capita Health Expenditure[2]
93.00

More Information

Sources

  1. CIA World Factbook
  2. WHO Global Health Atlas

      
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