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United Kingdom



Located in Western Europe as a series of islands along the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland includes the countries England, Scotland, and Wales as part of Great Britain. The country was the dominant industrial and maritime power of the 19th century as well as a leading role in developing parliamentary democracy and in advancing literature and science. The World Wars depleted much of its powers and withdrew the Irish Republic from the union. Throughout the rest of the century, the UK rebuilt itself into a modern and prosperous European nation as one of the five members of the UN Security Council, founding member of NATO and the Commonwealth, and a member to the EU. Subject to winter windstorms and floods, the UK also deals with such concerns as greenhouse gas emissions, commercial wastes, and pollution.


temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast

  • English
  • Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales)
  • Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60
  • 000 in Scotland)
Infant Mortality Rate[1]
Per Capita Health Expenditure[2]

More Information


  1. CIA World Factbook
  2. WHO Global Health Atlas

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