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Global Health Research

Democratic Republic of the Congo



Located in Central Africa, the Democratic Republic of Congo was established as a Belgian colony in 1908 until it gained independence in 1960. Political and social corruptions occurred for several years there after until a government of national unity was established. The Democratic Republic of Congo lies along the equator with several issues concerning wildlife, pollution, and disease control. The country has a very high degree of risk for acquiring major infectious diseases including AIDS/HIV, diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, malaria, plague, the African sleeping sickness, and schistosomiasis.


tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator - wet season (April to October), dry season (December to February); south of Equator - wet season (November to March), dry season (April to October)

  • French (official)
  • Lingala (a lingua franca trade language)
  • Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili)
  • Kikongo
  • Tshiluba
Infant Mortality Rate[1]
Per Capita Health Expenditure[2]

More Information


  1. CIA World Factbook
  2. WHO Global Health Atlas

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